Innovation is the secret to success in today’s quickly changing corporate environment. Businesses always look for ways to safeguard their innovations and gain a competitive advantage. The patent is one effective weapon in their toolbox; it protects their intellectual property and has tremendous worth as an economic asset. However, patents as collateral may provide more than security and exclusivity; they can also be used as security in business deals.

This article explores the intriguing idea of utilizing patents as collateral, emphasizing the Indian viewpoint. We look at how patents, valuable assets, may be used to get funding and expand businesses. Companies may obtain funding, uncover latent value, and support innovation-driven activities using patents as collateral.

We will also go through the legal framework in India that governs the use of patents as collateral, the complexities of patent valuation, the various enforcement methods, and real-world case studies to highlight the practical ramifications. This article will provide invaluable insights into the Indian environment of utilizing patents as collateral, whether you are an entrepreneur, a company owner, or a legal expert.

Join us on this insightful trip as we examine the possibilities and difficulties that lie ahead while revealing the potential of patents as collateral.

What are Patents as Collateral?

In recent years, the idea of utilizing patents as collateral in financial transactions has become more popular. In essence, it is pledging patents as collateral for loans or finance. Utilizing their intellectual property assets, firms may acquire money and promote development thanks to this novel technique. Let’s examine the benefits and possible drawbacks of utilizing patents as collateral in more detail.

Benefits of employing patent collateral

  1. Access to capital: By employing patents as collateral, firms may access new financing avenues that would not be accessible via more conventional channels. This might be advantageous for new companies or small firms with little funding.
  2. Greater ability to borrow: Patents are valuable assets that may increase a company’s ability to borrow. When patents are put up as collateral, lenders could be more inclined to give loans or credit facilities since they represent a real and valuable asset.
  3. Competitive Advantage: By providing firms exclusive rights to their ideas, patents offer them a competitive edge. This advantage may be strengthened further by using patents as collateral since it displays the firm’s dedication to innovation and capacity to safeguard its intellectual property.
  4. Possibility of increased value: Patents, particularly those with large market potential, can considerably raise a company’s worth. Businesses may get better terms and conditions for funding, such as lower interest rates or bigger loan amounts, by utilizing patents as collateral.

Potential dangers and difficulties related to employing patents as collateral for loans

  1. Difficulties in valuation: Determining the value of a patent requires evaluating variables, including market potential, competitive environment, and technical improvements. An accurate appraisal is essential for the patent to be used as collateral effectively.
  2. Market Uncertainties: A patent’s marketability and the level of interest in the underlying technology determine how valuable it is as collateral. The perceived value of the patent may be impacted by market fluctuations or changes in industry trends, which may influence the financing arrangements.
  3. Risks associated with infringement and enforcement: Patents used as collateral may be subject to risks related to breach and enforcement. The lender’s faith in the collateral may be impacted, and there may be further legal complications if the patent is contested or declared invalid.
  4. Restrictions on usage: Not all patents may be appropriate for use as collateral. Lenders may exhibit a lack of interest in patents that have restricted services or commercial potential, which can limit financing opportunities for companies.

While there are many benefits to utilizing IP as collateral, firms must carefully assess the dangers and difficulties this strategy may provide. To minimize these risks and maximize the advantages of utilizing patents as collateral, it is crucial to do complete due diligence, obtain professional guidance, and comprehend the legal and commercial aspects.

Indian Patents as Collateral: Legal Framework

It is crucial to comprehend the legal structure that oversees the use of patents as collateral in India. The legal requirements and regulations provide the required instructions for firms and lenders to participate in such transactions. Let’s examine the main features of India’s legal system for using patents as collateral.

Overview of India’s legal system regulating the use of patents as collateral

The Indian Patents Act of 1970 is India’s main law controlling patents. This Act establishes the nation’s legal framework for patent issuance, defense, and enforcement. The Act does not specifically address using patents as collateral, although it does not prohibit or limit doing so.

Indian Patents Act of 1970 sections that are pertinent:

A patentee has the only authority to create, employ, market, or import the patented invention under the Indian Patents Act. This exclusive right may be transferred or licensed to others, even as security for loans. The Act’s Section 68 expressly permits the transfer of patents, including forming security interests or mortgages.

Furthermore, the Act’s Section 69 permits patents to be registered with the Controller General of Patents, Designs, and Trademarks. When utilizing patents as collateral, having public notice of the invention and its ownership might be very important. It contributes to determining the order of rights and gives lenders some assurance.

The Controller General of Patents, Designs, and Trademarks’s function

Patents as collateral are strictly governed in India by the Controller General of Patents, Designs, and Trademarks. To ensure adherence to the Indian Patents Act, the Controller supervises the registration and administration of patents. They keep track of the patent register, which includes details about the patents, such as any licensing or assigns.

Registering the security interest with the Controller when utilizing patents as collateral is advisable. By enlisting the security interest, you may safeguard it against later conflicts with other goods and assist in establishing its importance. In the event of a default or violation, lenders can pursue their rights.

As the primary authority for all things about patents, the Controller General of Patents, Designs, and Trademarks ensures openness and promotes smooth transactions utilizing patents as collateral.

For companies and lenders involved in transactions utilizing patents as collateral in India, it is essential to comprehend the legal system and the responsibilities of the Controller General of Patents, Designs, and Trademarks. Following the guidelines of the Indian Patents Act and ensuring accurate registration will assist in safeguarding the interests of all parties and provide such transactions with a strong basis.

Case Study: Indian Companies Using Patents as Collateral

Firms in India are finally recognizing the value of patents     , and are using them as collateral for loan funding. This trend demonstrates the rising relevance of intellectual property rights in the corporate world.      

This growing usage of intellectual property as collateral may be an excellent way for businesses to get the finance they want to grow and thrive.      

Here is an example of an Indian company that has utilized patents as collateral effectively:

Biocon Limited: Transforming Biotechnology into Financial Capital

Biocon Limited, a major biopharmaceutical business in Bangalore, has successfully raised ₹ 1,125 crore for research and development activities using its substantial patent portfolio as collateral.

Moreover, Biocon acquired access to extra finance by using      its patents as collateral, enabling the business to expedite the development of innovative biotechnological solutions. This approach drew investors and highlighted Biocon’s dedication to innovation, solidifying the company’s position as a vital player in the biopharmaceutical business.

Results and Lessons Discovered

Biocon Limited has effectively utilized its patents as a form of security to secure debt financing in India. However, there are several difficulties that companies need to be aware of.

One difficulty is that patent value may be challenging. This is because patents are intangible property whose value is based on several variables, including the invention’s quality, the market’s size, and the likelihood of commercialization.

The Indian banking industry still approaches financing of intellectual property assets with caution. This indicates that to get a loan, enterprises may need to cooperate with specialist lenders or venture debt companies.

Despite these difficulties, India is seeing increased use of patents as collateral. We may anticipate seeing more and more companies use patents to secure debt funding as they become more conscious of the worth of their intellectual property assets and as the banking industry grows more at ease with lending against IP.

Best Practices Related to Patents as Collateral

Following best practices and taking the required safeguards is essential for firms considering utilizing patents as collateral in India to guarantee a smooth and successful transaction. Here are some suggestions and helpful advice to have in mind:

1. Perform Thorough Due Diligence:

Before utilizing a patent as collateral, careful due diligence must be performed. This entails confirming the patent’s ownership, legality, and marketability. Determining the patent’s worth as collateral will include evaluating the patent’s strength and enforceability.

2. Seek Legal Advice:

We strongly advise consulting with an experienced intellectual property lawyer or other legal professional. They may advise on legal issues, assist in navigating the complexity of patent law, and guarantee adherence to relevant requirements. Legal counsel is essential to safeguard your interests and reduce any possible dangers.

3. Patent valuation:

An accurate patent valuation is essential to evaluating the value of the invention as collateral. Consider hiring a qualified patent value specialist to assess the patented technology’s market potential, distinctiveness, and commercial feasibility. A thorough appraisal report will provide credibility and aid in lender negotiations.

4. Paperwork and Registration:

When utilizing patents as collateral, proper paperwork is crucial. It is crucial to guarantee proficient composition, signature, and meticulous documentation of any agreements, transactions, or authorizations associated with the patent. To secure your interest, it is necessary to submit it to the Controller General of Patents, Designs, and Trademarks. This step is absolutely essential to properly protect the relevant assets. This registration notifies the public and indicates the security interest’s priority.

5. Monitor Patent Portfolio:

Regularly evaluate and monitor your portfolio to ensure that the patents utilized as collateral are still valid and enforceable. Keep abreast of any modifications to patent laws, rules, or judicial rulings that may affect the worth or enforcement of patents.

6. Reduce Risks:

Identify and deal with any dangers from utilizing patents as collateral. This include evaluating the likelihood of patent infringement, any objections to the patent’s validity, and any ongoing legal proceedings. To ensure a successful transaction, take proactive steps to reduce risks and protect your interests.

7. Maintain Confidentiality:

Ensure proper confidentiality agreements before providing prospective lenders or investors with information on the patented technology. Maintaining your intellectual properties confidentially is essential for keeping your competitive edge.

8. Examine Alternative Financing opportunities:

While utilizing patents as collateral for loans might be smart, it’s also important to look into other financing opportunities. Consider different funding options like grants, venture capital, or government programs to diversify your financial portfolio.


Using patents as collateral in India gives firms a unique chance to acquire funding and spur development. The advantages outweigh possible dangers and difficulties, such as valuation and enforcement issues.

Patents used as collateral may give a business more legitimacy, draw in investors, and provide a competitive advantage. Due investigations, legal counsel, correct patent valuation, and adequate paperwork and registration are essential for firms.

Businesses may harness the value of their intellectual property assets and support their growth and innovation initiatives by strategically using patents as collateral. For enterprises in India, investigating the potential of using patents for financial transactions is beneficial.



Anitha Elizabeth

Patent Attorney

Write A Comment